Journal of Pacific Archaeology 2020-08-06T18:09:40-07:00 Ethan Cochrane Open Journal Systems <p>The <em>Journal of Pacific Archaeology</em> is an international peer-reviewed journal that publishes research on the archaeology of the islands and continental margins of the Pacific Ocean, both northern and southern hemispheres. There are two issues per year, appearing online in January and July with print editions appearing soon thereafter.</p> Bringing Christ to Whaingaroa 2020-08-06T18:09:40-07:00 Warren Gumbley Lyn Williams Matthew Gainsford <p>Te Nihinihi Mission Station was the second of the Wesleyan mission stations at Whaingaroa (Raglan) replacing the earlier station on the north side of the harbour with a dedicated and distinct mission station on the southern side of the harbour in 1839 which operated until 1881. The mission was the third in a chain of missions established by the Wesleyan Mission Society along the west coast of the North Island and in the interior of the Waikato. The Wallises at Te Nihinihi mission were active and popular with Māori, but during their time the environment changed from one dominated by Māori to one colonised with land purchases by Europeans. Shortly after the Wallises left, land confiscation followed the militarisation of the area during the British invasion of the Waikato. The history of the Whaingaroa Mission is, like most of the other west coast Wesleyan missions, only sketchily understood with no archaeological investigations undertaken prior to the work described here. The mission layout itself describes the integrated yet separated nature of Whaingaroa mission and hints at the changing status and relationship of the mission within the colonising process of Whaingaroa/Raglan Harbour.</p> 2020-08-06T18:09:40-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Encounters with stone: Missionary battles with idols in the southern New Hebrides 2020-08-05T17:58:55-07:00 Stuart Bedford Djana Haskell-Crook Matthew Spriggs Richard Shing <p>A fundamental goal of Christian missionaries in the Pacific was to depose indigenous deities and substitute them with Christian beliefs. Hence, they were constantly battling indigenous idolatry and idols. The islands of the southern New Hebrides were the first locations in Melanesia where missionisation was attempted with strategies and philosophy heavily influenced by the practices of the London Missionary Society in Polynesia. On the island of Aneityum idols were primarily unmodified stones which were regularly offered to the church in a sign of conversion and which in some cases were incorporated into church buildings. Guided by oral traditions, a cache of such stones was excavated at the mission station at Anelcauhat, southern Aneityum. They highlight the ongoing negotiation between kastom and Christianity in Vanuatu that began more than 150 years ago.</p> 2020-08-05T17:58:34-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Gendering the archaeology of the mission frontier in the New Hebrides 2020-08-05T17:24:19-07:00 James Flexner <p>The New Hebrides (now Vanuatu) was the location of a series of sometimes dramatic encounters with Presbyterian missionaries from the 1840s through the early 20<sup>th</sup> century. Survey and excavations of mission landscapes revealed the ways that missionaries sought to carve out a ‘civilised’ space in the ‘savage’ Melanesian islands where they settled. Mission encounters were also heavily gendered, both in the domestic relationships between missionary husbands, wives, and children, and in the relationships missionaries formed with local Islanders. Evidence from nine years of archaeological research on mission landscapes and material culture from southern Vanuatu is used to explore the implications of gender for understanding these colonial encounters.</p> 2020-08-05T17:23:36-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The bright archaeological light that was Angela Middleton 2020-08-04T21:42:26-07:00 Stuart Bedford James Flexner Martin Jones Jessie Garland Harry Allen 2020-08-04T21:41:33-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Middens historically significant on a Northland landscape are key to demonstrating ecological degradation in an adjacent estuary 2020-08-05T17:32:14-07:00 John Booth Bill G. Edwards <p>Cockles (<em>Austrovenus stutchburyi</em>) dominate Māori middens near Hororoa Point, in mid-Kerikeri Inlet, Bay of Islands, New Zealand, essentially all being 27–55-mm long, disarticulated individuals. Historical records show that significant cockle harvesting was taking place nearby in at least the early-1800s, yet, despite little or no harvesting now for decades, dense cockle beds in this area today contain low proportions &gt;30 mm long, and few individuals exceed 35 mm. The middens provide critical insight into the degraded nature of this cockle population today compared with late-historical times, a situation that appears to prevail around much of the Bay of Islands.</p> 2020-07-22T00:00:00-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Functional Classification of Hawaiian Curved-Edge Adzes and Gouges 2020-07-22T15:37:56-07:00 Thomas Dye Jennifer G. Kahn <p class="first-paragraph-western" style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="font-family: TeXGyreTermes, serif;">As part of a project to describe and classify functionally more than 800 Hawaiian stone adzes held in the ethnographic and archaeological collections at Bishop Museum in Honolulu, 24 tools with curved edges were identified and described. The curved-edge tools include adzes and gouges, which can be unambiguously distinguished from one another using a combination of weight and length index. Many of the curved-edge adzes have large cutting edge width ratios; the narrow shoulders and wide edges led archaeologists to describe them as “hoofed”. Curved-edge adzes and gouges make up less than the 3 percent of the Hawaiian collection. Their rarity in Hawai‘i appears to be in line with other island groups in East Polynesia outside New Zealand, where they make up about 10 percent of museum collections.</span></p> 2020-07-13T00:00:00-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Book Reviews 2020-05-20T14:58:15-07:00 Multiple Reviewers 2020-05-20T14:54:45-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Locational Analysis of Rock Art in the North Island, Aotearoa New Zealand 2020-05-20T14:58:15-07:00 Patricia Pillay Gerard O'Regan Joshua Emmitt <p>Māori rock art is widely distributed across Aotearoa New Zealand. It has been extensively studied in the South Island where a strong correlation between rock art and limestone outcrops in the South Island has been identified. However, few studies have investigated the distribution and preservation of petroglyphs and pictographs in the North Island. Previous studies suggest preliminary correlations between the distribution of North Island rock art and the availability of suitable rock surfaces. As they are based on broad regional observations of the distribution of sites and geological formations, the observations of correlations of art with rock type are limited. Here we adopt a landscape approach to quantitatively test previous correlations. A bias in the placement of rock art on ignimbrite rock formations is shown. This preliminary analysis provides a foundation for more detailed regional studies to understand if the correlation reflects a deliberate selection of certain geological rock surfaces by North Island Māori, and how differential weathering and preservation processes may contribute to the present-day spatial distribution of rock art.</p> 2020-05-20T14:53:44-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Community Relationships and Integration at a Small-Island Scale 2020-05-20T14:58:15-07:00 Seth Quintus <p>Most pre-European polities in Polynesia were constituted by multiple interacting communities, some of which were centers while others were hinterlands. The relationship between these communities was mediated by the nature of power in these societies and the economic and ideological foundations of that power. Different relationships leave different material traces across landscapes. The identification of analytical communities in the archaeological record and the analysis of material variation between communities aids in elucidating different forms of group consolidation and hierarchical organization within the region. Using a case study from the Manu‘a Group, Sāmoa, I compare and contrast a series of analytical communities to identify points of variation. These points of variation are then used to highlight the organization of settlement in these societies and the nature of power that supported that organization. I demonstrate that different fields of power can be identified in Polynesia by comparing the archaeological record of communities, and such comparison provides insights into the dynamics of political structure not wholly documented in ethnographic and ethnohistorical literature.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2020-05-20T14:51:32-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Hinterlands, Heartlands and History: dynamic landscapes in New Zealand archaeology 2020-05-20T14:58:15-07:00 Karen Greig Richard Walter <p>Core-periphery models have been widely used in archaeology. The core implies centrality and richness; the periphery encompasses ideas of distance, disconnection, marginality, and challenge. The approach is most useful in urban studies but less appropriate in societies with less well defined social and economic hierarchies, and few technological or economic dissimilarities such as pre-contact Aotearoa. In this study we explore the usefulness of the concept of hinterland to understand Aotearoa history and show how trajectories of change occurred across the entire social landscape. High mobility, low population density and extreme environmental and climatic diversity shaped circumstances where heartland-hinterland dichotomies were fluid and easily subverted. Working at different scales, we show how places transitioned across the heartland-hinterland continuum in response to socio-cultural, historical, economic and environmental processes. In New Zealand heartland-hinterland relationships were temporally dynamic and contingent rather than emerging from fixed principles of geographic resource distribution and accessibility. This is usefully modelled as raindrops on a pond.</p> 2020-05-20T14:50:10-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Māʻohi Hinterlands 2020-05-20T14:58:15-07:00 Jennifer G. Kahn <p>I draw upon current research highlighting the agentive role that hinterland zones could have on both local and regional dynamics. In my case study on the Society Islands, I consider hinterland variability at multiple scales, that of the local, community, and regional or meta-regional scale. Synthesis of historic texts and oral traditions provide an emic view into how the Maʻohi themselves conceptualized their social landscapes. I develop a multi-scalar view of hinterlands and hinterland to core relations, exploring island specific, archipelago-specific, and extra-archipelago “far” hinterlands in the Society Island context. Finally, I use both ethnohistoric and archaeological data to imagine both push and pull factors leading to certain social actors inhabiting specific hinterland regions. My multi-scalar view of Māʻohi hinterlands illuminates their diverse socio-economic roles as well as their relational quality. As I argue, elites reached deep into the hinterlands as a form of political aggrandizement and as an expression of economic power. Such places also served as elite refugia for Māʻohi chiefs, priests, and ‘<em>arioi</em>. Yet agency was not restricted to core regions, as hinterland communities likewise reached deep into these zones in order to maintain their own economic viability through precious socio-political alliances and networks.</p> 2020-05-20T14:48:48-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## On the Margins of the Market 2020-05-20T14:58:15-07:00 Summer Moore <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>While hinterlands have often been viewed as the areas that surround urban centers or central zones, some researchers have used the term to describe areas on the edges or margins of an integrated periphery. In Hawaiʻi, the market economy spread across large swaths of the archipelago during the nineteenth century. This paper considers the spread of the market economy through Hawaiʻi from the perspective of a community in one of Hawaiʻi’s marginal regions. Here, I examine artifacts and subsistence evidence from nineteenth-century Hawaiian house sites at Miloliʻi, a community on the remote Nā Pali Coast of Kauaʻi Island. Analysis of the household assemblages suggests that the residents of the Nā Pali Coast gradually began to incorporate foreign consumer goods into household economies. Rather than serving as hallmarks for large-scale changes in the household economy, foreign goods were instead incorporated into households that continued to rely on household-level food production and manufacture household goods from locally available materials. Rather than committing themselves to wholesale participation in the market economy, this paper argues that Nā Pali Coast households were able to strategically fashion for themselves a place on the margins of the market economy.</p> 2020-05-20T14:47:35-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Hinterlands and mobile courts of the Hawai`i Island state 2020-05-20T14:58:15-07:00 Robert Hommon <p>The eighteenth century Hawai`i Island state included more than 400 local communities divided among six districts, each with a resident elite. The king’s mobile court of as many as a thousand people frequently moved from one highly productive district core to another. The “capital” was wherever the king resided. Broadly speaking, hinterlands were where the court was not. Hinterland residents included both commoners who provided nearly all the kingdom’s labour and government officials with whom they negotiated the payment of tax in kind. Commoners also negotiated double title to their lands in the form of both inheritance from parents and grants by resident officials.</p> 2020-05-20T14:46:17-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Collective action and political agency in the leeward Kohala hinterlands, Hawai‘i Island 2020-05-20T14:58:15-07:00 Thegn Ladefoged Mark D McCoy Michael W Graves <p>The <em>kuaʻ‘āina</em>, or backcountry, in the Hawaiian Islands was the setting for a dynamic back-and-forth between the collective action of commoner class farmers and political elites. We examine how the long-term history of that dynamic left behind spatial patterns in the form and distribution of domestic, agricultural, and ritual architecture across the Leeward Kohala Field System. We find a contrast between places that were the best and most reliable for farming and lands prone to shortfalls. Less ideal lands were less densely populated with fewer efforts to standardize plot sizes and a lower investment in temple architecture. We suggest that as leeward Kohala was drawn more and more into competition for power that involved local and non-local chiefs, the autonomy of residents diminished, and the ability of local inhabitants to negotiate the demands of elites after this shift was variable, with greater demands likely placed on residents living in optimal zones.</p> 2020-05-20T14:44:56-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Rethinking Hinterlands in Polynesia 2020-05-20T14:58:15-07:00 Nick Belluzzo Summer Moore Jennifer Kahn <p>Hinterland studies demonstrate the capacity to highlight nuance in regional and temporal variation in the Polynesian past. This Special Issue highlights a group of papers which focus on recent topics and themes drawn from case studies situated in different parts of the Polynesian region. In this article, we summarize the history of hinterland studies, introduce the articles and themes from the Special Issue, and, finally, consider the future of hinterland studies, providing thoughts on a compelling but under-studied avenue of inquiry.</p> 2020-05-20T14:43:18-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## LiDAR in New Zealand Archaeology: prospects and pitfalls 2019-12-04T14:34:23-08:00 Josephine May Hagan Andrew A Brown <p>Airborne LiDAR has become a valuable tool for archaeologists and heritage professionals around the globe. The use of the technology has been relatively limited in New Zealand; however, the growing availability of data means this is beginning to change. In this paper we explore the prospects and limitations of LiDAR in two prosaic but core areas of archaeology: the detection of sites at the landscape scale and characterisation of features at the site-scale. In both cases we find LiDAR to be a generally effective tool. Larger sites (e.g. fortified pā sites) were nearly always located and could easily be mapped, whilst other like storage pits were identified at much lower rates depending on the intersection of factors like topography and land cover and were difficult to map. The general results of our analysis are intuitive, nevertheless they provide a useful case study for the capability of LiDAR for carrying out these key tasks and the situations in which greater confidence may be placed on LiDAR determinations. Ultimately, we suggest the integration of LiDAR with traditional field survey is a means to greatly enhance the understanding of archaeological sites in New Zealand.</p> 2019-12-04T14:32:29-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Discovery of Talasea obsidian in a post-Lapita deposit in Arnavon Islands, Solomon Islands 2019-12-04T14:32:52-08:00 Charles James Tekarawa Radclyffe Glenn Summerhayes Richard Walter <p>This paper reports on the discovery and geochemical characterisation of an obsidian artefact from a post-Lapita site on the Arnavon Islands situated between Choiseul and Santa Isabel in Solomon Islands. The flake is analysed using pXRF and sourced to the Talasea region of West New Britain in the Bismarck Archipelago. Obsidian is common in the Lapita sites of the Reef-Santa Cruz Islands of the eastern Solomons and Buka at the northern end of the archipelago, but only seven pieces have been recovered in the main island chain. The finding improves our understanding of the movement of obsidian and post-Lapita exchange in Solomon Islands.</p> 2019-12-04T14:31:13-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sago oven pottery production in the Raja Ampat Islands of the far western Pacific 2019-12-04T14:32:52-08:00 Dylan Gaffney Daud Tanudirjo <p>&nbsp;This paper is the first ethnographic description of ceramic sago oven production in the Raja Ampat Islands of West Papua. These rectilinear ovens are widespread throughout eastern Indonesia, used to bake sago flour into small ‘cakes,’ which can be stored during times of food shortage or used in exchange. Little is known about the emergence of this technology in the past and so this modern baseline serves as an important link to understand production sequences in the archaeological record. This record will be central to understanding sago processing in the deeper past, a key part of a wider system of forest exploitation in the far western Pacific Islands.</p> 2019-12-04T14:29:58-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The long-term history of Teti'aroa (Society Islands, French Polynesia): New archaeological and ethnohistorical investigations 2019-12-04T14:32:52-08:00 Guillaume Molle Aymeric Hermann Louis Lagarde Benoit Stoll <p>Teti'aroa is the only atoll in the Windward group of the Society Islands, French Polynesia. It has been described in the ethnohistorical record as a secondary place of residence for the Tahitian royal family of Pare in the 18<sup>th</sup> Century. However, Teti'aroa’s history beyond this remains relatively unknown as the atoll is archaeologically understudied. Here we report the preliminary results of a project, started in 2015, which aims at documenting the long-term occupation of Teti'aroa. We present the survey and mapping of the archaeological remains and discuss the monumental architecture, the relationships with neighbouring and distant communities, and investigations of the historical copra plantation.</p> 2019-12-04T14:28:51-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Small screens, small fish and the diversity of pre-European Māori fish catches 2019-12-04T14:32:52-08:00 Matthew Campbell Reno Nims <p>Recent analyses of archaeological fishbone assemblages from the upper North Island have identified taxa that have either not previously been recorded – pilchard (<em>Sardinops sagax</em>) and piper (<em>Hyporhamphus ihi</em>) – or that have only been rarely recorded – yellow-eyed mullet (<em>Aldrichetta forsteri</em>) and grey mullet (<em>Mugil cephalus</em>). We show that by sieving with small mesh screens and by identifying a wider range of elements than has conventionally been identified, these taxa become quite common in assemblages. We briefly consider the implications for both archaeological analysis and pre-European Māori fisheries.</p> 2019-12-04T14:27:36-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Late Pre-Contact Construction and Use of an ‘Archaic’ Shrine at the Pālehua Complex (Honouliuli District, O‘ahu Island, Hawai‘i) 2019-12-04T14:32:51-08:00 Jillian A. Swift Patrick V. Kirch Alexander Baer Jennifer Huebert Timothy M. Gill <p>The Pālehua enclosure in upland Honouliuli (O‘ahu Island, Hawai‘i) is a celestially-significant ritual structure believed to be associated with the annual Makahiki harvest period. Near the enclosure is an alignment of six basalt uprights typical of simple Central East Polynesian marae (temples), and early ‘shrine’ sites found in other geographically isolated regions of the Hawaiian archipelago. Here, we report on the first excavation of this shrine along with continued excavations at the Pālehua enclosure. A Bayesian chronological model combining 14 new AMS radiocarbon dates from the shrine and the enclosure with six dates from previous excavations indicates that both the Pālehua shrine and the adjacent enclosure were constructed in the mid-17<sup>th</sup> century and continued to be used until at least the early 19<sup>th</sup> century. Our model indicates that the shrine site was constructed significantly later than similar structures elsewhere in the archipelago. This suggests that simple marae-like shrines persisted alongside the development of monumental architecture used for ceremonial purposes, rather than being replaced later in time by more elaborate forms. These results have implications not only for site activity at Pālehua, but also for chronologies of ceremonial architecture and religious practices across the Hawaiian archipelago.</p> 2019-12-04T14:24:05-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Long Bay Restaurant site (R10/1374), Auckland, New Zealand, and the archaeology of the mid-15th century in the upper North Island 2019-12-04T15:04:25-08:00 Matthew Campbell Beatrice Hudson Jacqueline Craig Arden Cruickshank Louise Furey Karen Greig Andrew McAlister Bruce Marshall Reno Nims Fiona Petchey Tristan Russell Danielle Trilford Rod Wallace <p>Excavation at the Long Bay Restaurant resulted in the discovery and disinterment of 25 pre-European Māori burials. The full clearance and sieving strategy employed to recover all kōiwi tangata (human remains) produced a fine-grained 13 x 12 m excavation of a stratified coastal site, providing detailed faunal and material culture samples. Coupled with a Bayesian radiocarbon analysis that places the six cultural Phases in a tight 55 year span, analysis of the material has contributed to our understanding of social, economic and technological changes that took place in mid to late 15th century in the Auckland region. New Zealand archaeologists have often debated the timing and rate of these changes, as the first East Polynesian settlers became Māori. The Long Bay Restaurant site contributes new data to this debate.</p> 2019-12-04T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Archeology from a Submersible: Rare Physical Evidence of Ancient Deepwater Bottom Fishing in Hawai‘i 2019-05-27T01:01:20-07:00 Paul L Jokiel Christopher Kelley Ku'ulei S Rodgers <p>Historical accounts of off-shore fishing and methodology are documented in Hawaiian literature yet few accounts of ancient fishing grounds exist since locations were undisclosed and lost over time. A submersible dive (216 m) now provides evidence of a historical site and verification of traditional fishing techniques. A recovered artifact and photo documentation of stones scattered throughout the pinnacle distinctly fit historical descriptions of plummet and sinker stones used in bottom fishing. This paper documents the deepest substantiated pre-contact fishing site to date and substantiates reports of the ability of early Hawaiian fishermen to return to fishing sites well offshore.</p> 2019-05-27T00:00:00-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## New excavations at Fa’ahia (Huahine, Society Islands) and chronologies of central East Polynesian colonization 2019-05-27T21:41:53-07:00 Atholl John Anderson Eric Conte Ian Smith Katherine Szabo <p>The six-hectare site of Vaito'otia-Fa'ahia on Huahine Island in the Leeward Societies is renowned for its wealth of material culture typifying early East Polynesian settlement, including items of wood and fibre preserved by waterlogging, through the research of Yosihiko Sinoto and colleagues in particular. However, the stratigraphy for much of the excavated area is sketchy and no precise chronology of settlement is available. Renewed excavations in the Fa'hia site area in 2007, although relatively limited in scope produced more stratigraphic detail, additional faunal remains and artefacts, including a patu, and 12 new radiocarbon dates on short lifespan material from the lowest cultural layer which indicate initial human occupation about AD 1050-1160. In the light of this result, recent arguments for earlier initial colonisation of Central East Polynesia are reviewed. Chronological evidence adduced in these relies primarily upon radiocarbon samples with potentially substantial inbuilt age, and it is concluded that there is no compelling case for colonization of the region prior to the early eleventh century AD. &nbsp;</p> 2019-05-12T00:00:00-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Dendroarchaeology in New Zealand: extending the range of archaeologically useful species beyond kauri (Agathis australis) 2019-05-27T01:01:20-07:00 Gretel Boswijk Dilys Johns Alan Hogg <p>Accurately establishing calendar dates for Māori wooden objects would place them in a secure temporal context and enable aspects of manufacturing and use to be explored within and between sites, and across time. Dendrochronology has the potential to produce accurate and precise calendar dates for wooden artefacts but in New Zealand application of this technique to Māori cultural material is limited as there is almost no overlap between wood species found in archaeological contexts and tree-species with proven suitability for tree-ring dating. Here we identify five archaeologically-useful species – kahikatea (<em>Dacrycarpus dacrydioides</em>), matai (<em>Prumnopitys taxifolia</em>), miro (<em>Prumnopitys ferruginea</em>), rimu (<em>Dacrydium cupressinum</em>) and totara (<em>Podocarpus totara</em>) – and assess their potential for dendrochronology. Of these, matai, miro and totara are identified as species that should be the subject of further comprehensive dendrochronological investigation.</p> 2019-01-30T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mangahawea Bay Revisited: a reconsideration of the stratigraphy and chronology of site Q05/682 2019-05-27T01:01:19-07:00 James Robinson Andrew Blanchard Matutaera Te Nana Clendon Justin Maxwell Nicholas Sutton Richard Walter <p>The Mangahawea Bay Site (Q05/682) on Moturua Island in the Bay of Islands was excavated in 1981. A single radiocarbon date from the lower levels returned an age of 1162-1439 AD (95.4% confidence) but the results of the excavation have never been fully reported. Despite some uncertainty about the age and nature of the stratigraphy, the site has long been regarded in the New Zealand archaeological community as a significant example of early occupation in the north. New excavations at Mangahawea Bay in 2017 have clarified the nature of the stratigraphy and provided a more reliable set of radiocarbon determinations. This recent work demonstrates that the site was first occupied for a short period in the early to mid-fourteenth century AD. Following abandonment of the first settlement there is evidence for ongoing, intermittent, activities in the Bay until historic times, but no further occupation at the site itself. These new results provide a foundation for future analysis of the substantial body of excavation material from the 1981 and 2017 excavations.</p> 2018-12-06T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Diversity in early New Guinea pottery traditions 2019-05-27T01:01:20-07:00 Phillip Beaumont Sue O'Connor Mathieu Leclerc Ken Aplin <p>The initial appearance of pottery on mainland New Guinea has been an elusive and sometimes controversial topic. A range of factors contribute to this conundrum including landscape transformation and disturbance where relevant archaeology may be undetectable, or misinterpreted, and a lack of sound evidence from various sites that could facilitate comparative analysis. Moreover, the preeminence of the Lapita pottery sequence and its clear dispersal model has set expectations and perceptions concerning the oldest known pottery on New Guinea, which sometimes has resulted in scanty finds being interpreted on <em>a priori</em>conceptual grounds rather than according to substantive or direct local evidence. Presented here is a catalogue of pottery recovered in 2004-05 from Lachitu, Taora, Watinglo and Paleflatu. These co-located north coast Papua New Guinea (PNG) sites provide material where the issues of chronostratigraphic integrity are directly confronted. Pottery from Lachitu and Taora was previously claimed as among the earliest ceramics on mainland PNG. However, the dating of results presented in this study suggests a more recent context for the introduction and manufacture of pottery, with a variety of diagnostic attributes pointing to a complex involvement of diverse peoples.</p> 2018-09-29T00:00:00-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Lesley Montague Groube , 1937–2018: A Biographical Sketch 2018-08-12T20:00:01-07:00 Foss Leach Helen Leach 2018-08-13T00:00:00-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Oxford Handbook of Prehistoric Oceania - Cochrane & Hunt 2018-08-12T21:43:10-07:00 Mark D McCoy 2018-08-12T19:56:02-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Geochemical and radiometric analyses of archaeological remains from Easter Island’s moai (statue) quarry reveal prehistoric timing, provenance, and use of fine–grain basaltic resources 2018-08-12T20:00:01-07:00 Dale Fredrick Simpson Jr. Jo Anne Van Tilburg Laure Dussubieux <p>Pacific and Rapa Nui (Easter Island) volcanologists and geologists have set the stage for the island’s archaeologists working in lithic sourcing studies by providing practical data regarding the island geodynamic activity, geomorphological formation and dating, and the macroscopic, microscopic, and elemental proprieties of Easter Island stone. Drawing upon this information, and the research collaboration between two active archaeological projects on Rapa Nui – the Easter Island Statue Project and the Rapa Nui Geochemical Project –  this article presents: 1) a synthesis of a 5–meter field excavation of <em>moai </em>RR–001–156 in Rano Raraku, the <em>moai </em>statue quarry; 2) a 14C assessment which dates human presence around <em>moai </em>RR–001–156; 3) 31 basalt quarry and source site descriptions; and 4) laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry and principal component analyses of 21 archaeological and 117 geological samples. Our results trace the prehistoric transfer of basaltic resources from the Ava o’Kiri and Pu Tokitoki complex to the <em>moai </em>quarry at Rano Raraku during the AD 1400’s. This conclusion helps us to better understand sociopolitical and economic interaction during Rapa Nui prehistory.  </p> 2018-08-12T19:24:01-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##